Periodontics is the dental specialty that diagnoses and treats problems of the tissues that support the teeth (gums). The main periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the inflammation and bleeding of the gums without affecting the bone. When the bone that supports the tooth begins to be destroyed by a bacterial process, we call it periodontitis.
Periodontal treatment consists of a proper professional hygiene, with the use of ultrasound and scaling and root planning of teeth, and in the correction of oral hygiene techniques.
In this category we also include mucogingival surgery techniques. These surgical techniques aim to correct the gum defects around the tooth.